1st International Symposium “Akad. Prof. Dr. Mentor Përmeti” on “Plant Breeding and Challenges for the Future”

AVNI BEHLULI 1, AGIM CANKO 2, SHUKRI FETAHU 1, DUKAGJIN ZEKA 1 AND SALI ALIU University of Prishtina, Faculty of Agriculture and Veterinary, Department of Plant Production, Prishtina, Kosovo Agricultural University of Tirana, Department of Plant Production, Tirana, Albania Download Full Text PDF Abstract Plant genetic resources represent the national wealth and heritage. They are base of food security and play a key role in the development of new varieties and improving of the existing ones. In Kosovo common bean cultivation history is long ago, although there is no evidence of when cultivation begun for the first time. The purpose of this research was presentation of the results regarding the collection, inventorying, regeneration and evaluation of common bean landraces in Kosovo. As working methods used for this research were collection missions during 2009-2015, meetings with farmers and experts of agriculture, inside and outside of the Kosovo’s territory, with the aim of identifying and collection of common bean landraces with high genetic value. While their regeneration and evaluation for specific traits, was carried out in the experimental field of the Faculty of Agriculture and Veterinary, based on the descriptors proposed by IBPGR. All collected and evaluated accessions then are placed in long-term storage in the Gene Bank of Kosovo for Plant Resources. Now the fund of Gene Bank includes about 70 accessions of common bean landraces, originating from all over the territory of Kosovo and beyond. Key words: Phaseolus vulgaris, landraces, collection, evaluation, characterization ...
Me shume
Rozeta Hasalliu 1, Krenar Gozhdari 1, Fatbardha Meta 1, Renata Kongoli 1 1 Faculty of Biotechnology and Food Agricultural University of Tirana, Agricultural University of Tirana, Albania Download Full Text PDF Abstract In Albania, some of wine producers produce wine with spontaneous fermentation and others produce wine with inoculated yeasts that are Saccharomyces cerevisiae, Saccharomyces bayanus or a mix between two yeasts, Saccharomyces cerevisiae and Sacharomyces bayanus. The aim of this study is to evaluate the performance of yeasts growth during spontaneous fermentation compared with fermentation where Saccharomyces bayanus yeast is used for the inoculation, also to evaluate the quality of two wines. For this reason 100 kg of Kallmet grape is used to produce wine with spontaneous fermentation and wine produced by the fermentation with inoculated yeast Saccharomyces bayanus. For isolation of yeast PDA medium is used. The difference between two fermentations was that on the first days, the number of yeast in spontaneous fermentation is lower than the number of yeast in fermentation with inoculated yeast, but after the 8-th day of  fermentation the number of yeasts in wine with spontaneous fermentation is higher than the number of yeasts in fermentation inoculated with Saccharomyces bayanus yeast. Key words: Kallmet wine, spontaneous fermentation, inoculated fermentation, yeast, Saccharomyces bayanus ...
Me shume
SMAJL RIZANI 1, PERPARIM LAZE 2, FEHMI GECI 3, BARDH BEGOLLI 3 1 PhD student, Department of Plant Sciences and Technology, Agricultural University of Tirana, Albania 2 Department of Plant Sciences and Technology, Agricultural University of Tirana, Albania 3 Agricultural Institute of Kosovo Download Full Text PDF Abstract The aim of this study is to assess the surface water quality for irrigation purposes in Prizren-Gjakove-Decan area. Sixteen water samples were collected in the sampling points during the peak dry season (2015). Eight of these samples were collected in July and the rest in August from the same sampling points. Samples were taken from rivers, canals and reservoirs. The contents of the samples have been analyzed. The classification used to assess qualities and the suitability of irrigation water is based on FAO’s and USSL’s classification criteria of irrigation water. The study revealed that important constituents which influence the quality of irrigation water such as: electrical conductivity (EC), total dissolved solids (TDS), sodium adsorption ratio (SAR), soluble sodium percentage (SSP), residual sodium bicarbonate (RSBC), permeability index (PI), total hardness (TH) and Kelly’s ratio (KR), were found within the permissible limits of waters for irrigation purposes. The results of physio-chemical analyses and the calculated water quality parameters suggest that all of the water samples are suitable for irrigation purposes. Therefore, the surface water of this area is of an excellent quality and its use is highly recommended for irrigation of crops. Keywords: Irrigation water; quality; classification; Prizren-Gjakove-Decan area ...
Me shume
SMAJL RIZANI 1, PERPARIM LAZE 2, FEHMI GECI 3, BARDH BEGOLLI 3 1 PhD student, Department of Plant Science and Technology, Agricultural University of Tirana, Tirana, Albania 2 Department of Plant Science and Technology, Agricultural University of Tirana, Tirana, Albania 3 Agricultural Institute of Kosovo Download Full Text PDF Abstract This study was carried out for evaluation of irrigation water on heavy metal contents in Dukagjin Plain, Kosovo. Water samples were collected in clean bottles at 10cm depth from several irrigation sources (Rivers: White Drin, LumbardhiPejes, LumbardhiDecanit, Erenik, some reservoirs and canals). The samples collected were analyzed for heavy metal contents such as zinc, iron, copper, manganese, lead, nickel, cobalt, cadmium, chromium, and molybdenum, by Microwave Plasma Atomic Emission Spectrometry (MP-AES 4100). The findings indicated that there is no significant difference of heavy metal contents between irrigation water from canals, rivers and reservoirs. Copper, manganese, nickel, cobalt, lead and chromium were found in normal concentrations in all water sources, while zinc and iron were found in deficient concentrations. Cadmium and molybdenum is at recommended maximum concentrations. Therefore, these sources can be used for irrigation purposes without any hazardous effect on soil and plants. Key words: Irrigation water; heavy metals; toxic elements; Dukagjin Plain; Kosovo ...
Me shume
AVNI BEHLULI 1, SHUKRI FETAHU 2, SALI ALIU 1 & AGIM CANKO 2 1 University of Prishtina, Faculty of Agriculture and Veterinary, Department of Plant Production, Prishtina, Kosovo 2 Department of Plant Sciences and Technologies, Faculty of Agriculture and Environment, Agricultural University of Tirana Download Full Text PDF Abstract Loss of viability and seeds vigour influences the nutritional characteristics and reduce their agricultural use. The aim of this research was the testing of seed viability, vigour and germination ability respectively, in the seeds of common bean landraces stored in Gene Bank of Kosovo for Plant Resources, stored in long-term storage conditions (-18 to - 25°C). The experiment was conducted in the laboratory. For this purpose were used seeds of 10 accessions. The experimental design was random complete block with three replications: 10 landraces x 3 replications x 2 parameters = 60 measurements. For each accession, 45 seeds (15 seeds per replication) were tested. Seed viability test was carried out according to ISTA (2003) rules. Seeds vigour was estimated after 4 days, while germination ability was evaluated 8 days after testing. Data was subjected to Analysis of Variance (ANOVA) and means separated by Least Significant Difference (LSD) at P <0.05, P <0.01. The research results show significant differences among common bean landraces for seed vigour and germination ability on the level P0.01 and P0.05. Key words: Common bean, germination, viability, landrace, storage ...
Me shume
NDRIÇIM ZHURI 1, ALBAN IBRALIU 1, BELUL GIXHARI 2 1, Plant Production Department, Agricultural University of Tirana, Tirana, Albania 2, Albanian Genebank, Agricultural University of Tirana, Tirana, Albania Download Full Text PDF Abstract Geographic distribution of 20 chamomiles (Matricariachamomilla L.) populations, surveyed and collected in nine districts of Albania, and their comparison with 19 ex situ data of chamomile populations was carried out. The geographic areas, separated into grid cells of 1 x 1 km, and 10 x 10 km was used to assess the geographic distribution, richness and the representativeness of chamomile samples in ex situ collection. Spatial analysis detects areas of high diversity of chamomile population surveyed were Berat and Fieri districts. Comparative analysis of the representativeness indices found that chamomile populations surveyed and collected in other district areas have contributed directly in increasing their representativeness in the ex situ collection of chamomile samples. Highest contribution in increasing the representativeness of chamomile samples in ex situ collection was found in Berat, Fieri and Korca district areas, as in these areas chamomile populations were surveyed and collected far than 10 km from ex situ present points, and mid representativeness contribution was found in Dibra, Lezha and Shkodra districts areas. For the chamomile populations surveyed in Tirana, Durres and Vlora district areas a full representativeness status in ex situ collection of genebank was found. In total there were more than 70% of surveyed point that contributes with chamomile samples collected in new areas, never collected before by any collecting mission. Keywords: degradation of land; organic agriculture, fertilizer ...
Me shume
ZHANETA HASANI 1*, SUADA JAUPAJ 2, ERJOLA VESELAJ1 1 Qendra e Transferimit te Teknologjive, Fushe-Kruje   Download Full Text PDF Abstract The study addresses one of the problems that poses the main risk to the degradation of land in protected environments in greenhouses.The aim of this study was the reduction of salt levels through the use of chemical and biological improvers as the possible alternative in terms of product development according to the principles of organic agriculture.Data chemical analysis of soil samples show a significant reduction of salt levels net of all variants where organic manure is used "Aibios" and gypsum (CaSO4). Lower level of salinity is recorded in version 1, which was used in 1000 quintals / ha organic fertilizer + 40 quintals / ha gypsum.The differences observed in the level of salinity in version 2,3,4 and 5 with respective amounts of 1.78, 1.69, 1.80 and 1.75 ms / cm, think doozave are in response to the use of biological fertilizer "Aibios" and its combination with chemical enhancers CaSO4 (gypsum).The research data also show that the use of organic fertilizer "Aibios" combined with organic fertilizer and gypsum, contributed to lower salt levels, which in our case is the nature chloride.The data analysis shows that about 50% of all salts that are found in the soil of the greenhouses in the study constitute chloride. Chlorine ions (Cl) dissolved in solution associated with terrestrial humic acids present in manure "Aibios" and farmyard manure, making them less removable and less toxic to plants.During further decomposition of manure "Aibios" farmyard manure and also formed CO2, which gives H2O H2SO3, where further disocohet H + + HCO3-.n these situations it happens dissolving the CaCO3 and the relocation of the absorbing complex Na + or H + Ca. Na ions in solution associated with terrestrial humic acids forming sodium humate, which are more soluble and rinsed ground deep into the profile, thus decreasing the level of salt in the horizon of workability, where lies the root system of plants. Keywords: degradation of land; organic agriculture, fertilizer ...
Me shume
ZHANETA HASANI 1*, SUADA JAUPAJ 2, ERJOLA VESELAJ1 1 Qendra e Transferimit te Teknologjive, Fushe-Kruje   Download Full Text PDF Abstract This research was carried out to study the effect of the organic and green manure on the soil biological activity and the dominant species of the Aktinomicete bacteria and the fungi, responsible for the organic matter mineralization into more assimilable elements for the plant,atmospheric nitrogen fixation and phosphorus mobilization from the organic and indegistible mineral phosphorus compounds. The microbiological analysis data show that the soil biologi al activity increases relatively to the amount of Organic manure “Aibios” and “Biorga” used, and to the green manure compared with the conventional fertilizing method. Taking into consideration the amount of CO2 created we may say that the usage of the organic manure “Aibios” and “Biorga” in 100 and 20kv/ha dosage respectively increases biological activity 51-69% compared with the control variation, whereas the green manure clover and bean + lolium increases it to 89-100% compared to the conventional fertilization method. The use of organic manure “Aibios” and “Biorga”, and of the clover + lolium improves the N – fixation capability of the soil from 6.5 to 12.9 mg/199g soil/24 hours. Keywords: microbiological analysis, species, organic manure ...
Me shume
KADIASI  NAJADA1, SHEHU ISUF1 , ELEZI FETAH 2 AND IBRALIU ALBAN1* 1 Department of Crop Sciences and Technology, Faculty of Agriculture and Environment, Agricultural University of Tirana, Albania 2Albanian Gene Bank, Tirana, Albania         Download Full Text PDF Abstract Quantitative and qualitative parameters of 26 of Oregano (Origanum vulgare L.) populations  tested in a Randomized Complete Block Design (RCBD) with three  replications during 2014 growing season in E.D.E. Valias were analyzed. The objectives were to evaluated  the genotype-morpho-biometric data  interactions (GMBI),  the effects of seven  quantitative and qualitative parameter on variability of oregano (Origanum vulgare ssp. hirtum (Link) letswaart and Origanum vulgare  ssp. vulgare) during the full bloom periods to determine diversity of this species for using in future breeding programs  by using quantitative and qualitative parameters. In this investigation all quantitative and qualitative characters were evaluated using R statistical software. Highly significant correlations were found among the characters Principal component analysis (PCA) explained about 85% of the variation between main effective characters such as high of plant, number of stems, number of leaves on main stem, number of internodes, leaves densities,  ration length/width          , length leaves petiole, length of flowering. Based on the quantitative traits, oregano populations can be classified into five groups. Key words: Origanum vulgare,  Subspecies, Genetic resources, Quantitative and qualitative characters, Cluster analysis ...
Me shume
Shukri Fetahu1*, Dukagjin Zeka1, Imer Rusinovci1, Sali Aliu1, Avni Behluli1, Sylë Sylanaj1, Eva Thorn2 1University of Prishtina “Hasan Prishtina” Faculty of Agriculture and Veterinary, Str. “Bill Clinton” nn. 10000 Prishtina, KOSOVA 2Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences, Alnarp, Sweden *Corresponding author; E-mail: shfetahu@hotmail.com & shukri.fetahu@uni-pr.edu   Download Full Text PDF Abstract The aim of this research was presentation of the challenges related to the establishment of Gene Bank of Kosova (GBK), together with the results achieved for the inventory, collection, evaluation and "in situ", "on farm" and "ex situ" conservation of plant genetic resources (PGR) within the GBK, during the period (2004-2015). The Programme for Conservation of PGR, in the Republic of Kosova was established in 2007. The vision of the Programme was effective exploring of PGR as a vital component of national cultural heritage. Specific objectives were: analysis of the types and number of PGR accessions, distribution and frequency according to altitude and their use for professional and scientific research. The efforts for GBK establishing, began in 2004, within the project "SEEDNET" between: CBM-Sweden and MAFRD-Pristina, Kosovo, which was blocked by Kosovo’s party itself. In 2007, the Kosovo’s Contracting Party was changed, and the Agreement was signed by University of Pristina, Faculty of Agriculture and Veterinary, with the same national coordinator, Dr. Shukri Fetahu. Thereafter, the implementation of the project for establishment of GBK, and professional and scientific activities began. A total of 353 accessions were collected: Maize and Cereals 210 (58.65%), Vegetables 29 (8.10%), Legumes 59 (16.48%), Industrial crops 24 (6.7%), Fodder crops 31 (8.65%) and the Fruits and Vitis 5 (1.39%). The GBK, now is the institution with professional-scientific character and national importance, in the service of conservation and use of PGR in Kosovo, with the mission of conservation of the national heritage of the PGR, for future generations. Keywords: Plant genetic resources, gene bank, conservation, accession, species ...
Me shume
Tatjana Kokaj Agricultural University of Tirana   Download Full Text PDF Abstract Subtropical tree is considered to be excellent tree for growing in subtropical condition. Subtropical tree has been used traditionally in our country. Fruits are from cultivated trees, semi – domesticated, wild. In the region, it occurs in general fig tree, pomegranate tree, date tree, and last years are cultivated actinidia deliciosa. In this regions founded together cultivated species and wild species, for example in the same place founded wild pomegranate and cultivated pomegranate, cultivated fig and wild fig, cultivated date tree and wild date tree, and actinidia cultivated with two female varieties and one male varieties, planting according one scheme, one male actinida varieties and two actinidia varieties. Those species are very popular in local market. Destinations are for consumer preference, preferred use, and market. There is great variability among pomegranate genotypes, fig genotypes, date tree genotypes in terms of fruit characters: size, skin, color, aril number, aril color hardness of seed, juice, content and it acidity, sweetness, etc for at all species subtropical tree, according descriptor IPGRI, when for 4 fig varieties are characterization with molecular analyses with RAPD. Keywords: in situ, on farm, variety, ecotype, genotype ...
Me shume
RAKIP ILJAZI*, ADEM SALILLARI, HAIRI ISMAILI Agricultural University of Tirana, Tirana Albania   Download Full Text PDF Abstract In this paper are the results of experiments under the treatment with IBA (indol-3 butyric acid) for the autochthonous olive cultivars and the rooting of vegetative cuttings. As regards the dose concentration of IBA, resulted because 4000 ppm dose it gives greatest results for the rooting of vegetative cuttings. But,  the percentage of rooting is different for different cultivars.  Kalinjot CV has demonstrated greater percentage of rooting that Koker Madh Berati. The vegetative cuttings taken in different positions of vegetative segment (apical, midle, base) with IBA 4000 ppm in normal concentration, are presented to collogenese and changes rooting. Not be noticed significant changes between the rooting of cuttings in apical, middle and base of sprig after the treatment with hormones.  Kaninjot cultivars, Leçino, Ullastra and Mixa have the highest percentage of the rooting.  While almost all unresponsive H.Himara with the IBA hormone. This is related to genetic particularities of these cultivars and it is an indication of their diversification.  Differences observed over the impact on rooting of the tenure of the cuttings in the solution (5’,10’,15’ and 20’).  The timing 10 seconds, has achieved the highest percentage of the rooting. Keywords: keyword; keyword; keyword ...
Me shume
RAIMONDA SEVO1,  BELUL GIXHARI1,FRIDA ÇARKA1 ,VALBONA HOBDARI1, ATHINA GJYLI 2 1Genetic Resources Centre, Agricultural University of Tirana, Tirana, Albania   2Agricultural Transferring Technology Center  of  Vlore, Albania   Coresponding authors: Raimonda Sevo. raimondasevo@gmail.com   Download Full Text PDF Abstract Study for geographic distribution of 172 geo-observations representing new accessions collected from four districts of Albania (Dibra, Korca, Gjirokastra, Shkodra) during FAO Project (2013-2014), including 9 species, was carried out, using grids of 5 x 5 km to assess the number of individuals per species and per district, the area of occupancy and diversity indices. Geospatial analysis detects areas of high alpha significant diversity. Combination of diversity indices as Species Richness, Simpson index (1–D), Shannon index, Evenness, Brillouin index, Equitability, and Fisher-alpha found the areas of Gjirokastra and Shkodra were richer in fruit trees diversity than other observed areas. Surveyed diversity of Gjirokastra and Shkodra comparable between them, was found comparable with diversity surveyed in Dibra and Korca areas, but the diversity among Dibra and Korca areas was non-comparable. Cluster analysis based on Euclidian distance(pair group method) generate a dendrogram of three clusters. Higher similarity (0.74) and significant positive correlation (r = 0.72) between diversity of Korca and Shkodra areas found. Higher species evenness > 0.78, and equitability > 87, were found in surveyed areas of Dibra and Gjirokastra Counties. These results suggest the presence of more relative stable ecosystems and more ecological niches available in Dibra and Gjirokastra areas. The diversity of these two areas could be used for the assessment of the current status of conservation of fruit tree genetic resources and for the prioritization of potential ecological areas suitable for their in situ conservation. Keywords:Diversity indices, geographic distribution, species evenness ...
Me shume
VLORA GASHI1), ARDIAN MACI2), AUREL NURO3), ORINDA GASHI4) 1)       Institute of Agriculture and Food, Peja, Kosovo 2)       Faculty of Agriculture & Environment, Agricultural University of Tirana 3)       Tirana University, Faculty of  Natural Sciences, Chemistry Department, Tirana 4)       Faculty of Agrobisnessi at University Haxhi Zeka of Peja,Kosovo     Download Full Text PDF ABSTRAKT Soil contamination is one of most important factors influencing the quality of agricultural products. Usage of heavy farm equipment, the land drainage, an exces­sive application of agrochemicals, emissions originating from mining, metallurgical, and chemical and coal power plants and transport, all generate a number of undesired substances (nitric and sulphur oxides, PAHs, heavy metals, pesticides), which after deposition in soil may influence crop quality. Thus, input of these contaminants into the environment should be carefully monitored. This paper presents the data obtained for organochlorinated pesticides, their residues, PCB and chlorobenzenes in the soil samples of agricultural areas. Levels of organochlorinated pesticides, PCB and chlorobenzenes contamination were evaluated in agriculture areas that are in use in soil samples. 11 soil samples were taken in agricultural areas, near Peja, Kosovo in March 2014. Representa­tive soil samples were collected from 0-30 cm top layer of the soil. In the analytical method we combined ultrasonic bath extraction and a Florisil column for samples clean-up. The analysis of the organochlorinated pesticides in soil samples was performed by gas chromatography technique using electron capture detector (GC/ECD). Optima-5 (low/mid polarity, 5% phenyl methyl siloxane 60 m x 0.33 mm x 0.25μm film) capillary column was used for isolation and determination of organochlorinated pesticides. Interpretation of data were performed using cluster analyze models. Relatively low concentrations of organochlorinated pesticides and their metabolites were found in the studied samples. Two were the main groups, DDTs and HCHs. The presence of organochlorinated pesticides residues is probably resulting of their previous uses for agricultural purposes. PCB 52 was the main congener found in soil samples (the main grup of cluster) and hexachlorobenzene was the main compound for chlorinated benzene compounds. Keywords:Organochlorinated pesticides, PCB marker, Chlorobenzenes, Soil samples, Gas chromatography, Cluster analyze ...
Me shume
B. Kelmendi 1+2, N. Shala 1 , D.Berisha2+1, I. Cacaj1+2, Rea Tako3 1 “Haxhi Zeka” Universitety  Pejë , Fakultety of Agribisiness bakir.kelmendi@unhz.eu,  2  Iagricultural Institute of  Kosovo – Pejë,  “Adem Jashari” str, 30000 Pejë,  Kosovo  bakir222@yahoo.com, bakir222@yahoo.com 3Agricultural Universtiy of Tirana.Tirana , Albania. rtako@ubt.edu.al   Download Full Text PDF Abstract The object of this study is the investigation of suitability ofcertain cultivars of wheat (Triticum aestivum L) of Hungary, and Croatia. Four cultivars of wheat were researched: Super zhitarka, Mv. Marshall Mv. Kolo, compared to a standardcultivar Europe 90. Investigations were conducted in two agro-climatic regions of Kosovo (Arbnesh, the research farm of the Agricultural Institute of Kosovo, Peja - Plain Dukagjin, and Pestova - Kosovo Plain on the land of a privately owned company "Pestova".  In our study we tested the yield (kg / ha), 1000 seed weight (gr),  hectoliter weight (kg), proteincontent (%), humidity (%), gluten and sedimentation. The results of our study showed a significant difference in parameters between the cultivars and the different locations when compared to the standard and between each other.  The Agroclimatic and pedological data from Kosovo when compared to the yield obtained from wheat show us that we do use the full genetic potential of the varieties cultivated in our country ...
Me shume
ONEJDA KYCYK1*, ERVIN SHISHMANI2, ZAIM VESHAJ3, FATBARDHA LAMÇE1, ADRIATIK ÇAKALLI2, HAIRI ISMAILI2 1Laboratories of Agrotecnological Food, Facuculty of Biotecnology and Food, Rr. BedriKarapici, Tirane Albania 2Agricultural University of Tirana, Albanian Gene Bank, Rr.SiriKodra 1020 Tirana, Albania 3The technology transfer center of the agriculture Vlorë, Albania    Download Full Text PDF Abstract  This work presents the characterization of olive fruit from 26 olive varieties, grown in Vlora Albania. In the olive fruit have been determined: index of ripening, fruit weight, the ratio pulp/pit, the percentage of humidity, the fat content and the percentage of fat content on a dry matter. The olive fruit variety analyzed showed a fruit weight ranged between 1.21–6.68 g. ‘NocelaraMessinese’ variety presented the highest values of fruit weight, while ‘Pendolino’ variety showed the highest value for the ratio pulp/pit (9.76 g). Most of the varieties have shown high humidity content which ranged 34.16–64.81%. The cultivars ‘Frantoio’, ‘Simeone’, ‘Moraiolo’ and ‘Toscanina’ have shown lower values in humidity. The fat content has achieved very interesting concentrations; the fruit from 'Dolce di Cassono' cultivar showed the highest value (19.83%) the lower value in this parameter was shown by ‘Cellina di Nardo’. Regarding the percentage of fat content on a dry matter, the fruit of variety of ‘San Agostino’ presented the highest level (50.46%). The results obtained in this work conclude that this cultivar has a great technological interest for planting. Some of the cultivars can be used only for olive oil extraction and some for table olives. Keywords: Olive Fruit; Olive Tree; Cultivar, Olive oil extraction ...
Me shume
KAZIU  I*., KASHTA F**., CELAMI A*., SHEHU R*.,ÇELA F*. *ATTC of Fushë Krujë ** Agricultural University of Tirana   Download Full Text PDF Abstract The study was carried out to characterize 32 genotypes of oat based on morphological and quality characters. The data show thatthere isgeneticvariationfor almost all the traits. Thus, the lodgingin the early stageis the sameas thatinthe stage of maturity, butitis observedthat thegenotypesare differentabout thistrait. To distinguish variation in the studied genotypes, the assessment was based on the division into five categories; 46.86% resulting lodging resistant (upright), 6.25% intermediate, while genotypes minor lodging, lodged and extremely lodged (all plants) representing 15.63% of each of them. To trait the hairiness of leaf sheath (lower leaves), all genotypes are hairless category. For trait lemma color, they appear different genotypes where white - coffee resulting 34.37%, yellow 25%, yellow - brown 8.75% and brown 21.88%. To trait the hairiness of lemma, most ofgenotypesresultinghairless(87.5%), slightly pubescent 3.12% and moderately pubescent 9,37%. This descriptor is important to differentiate the two different species and all traits studied, can be utilized to select superior genotypes related to agronomic values. Genotypes that have a growth habit erect, the nature ofpanicle is erect and the presence of wax should be selected for abiotic stress tolerance. Keywords: Genotype, oat, descriptors, variability, morphological characterization ...
Me shume
FRIDA ÇARKA*¹, RAJMONDA SEVO¹, ADHURIM LAZAJ², VALBONA HOBDARI¹. ¹Genetic Resources Center, Agricultural University of Tirana, Kodër Kamëz, Tirana, Albania. ²Agriculture Technology Transfer Center, Vlora.   Download Full Text PDF Abstract During 2010-2012 vegetation periods in an vineyard at Qilarisht village through a multidisciplinary approach including the comparizon of morphological and agrobiological characters  and analisis of genetic profile have been described and characterized one of the indigenous  white grape wine cultivars “Serinë e bardhë”. It is wide spread  in the South East part of Albania. The study confirms that cv. “Serinë e bardhë” presents distinctive morphological and molecular characteristics. The characters are estimated in numbers that will be used for making passportization of variety in a new way. The identification of this cultivar it is important for the selection as well as for the wider spread of his cultivation. The wine that would be secured will be no doubt interesting for producing. This cultivar is also appropriate to give particular positive characteristics to traditional white wines of zone. Key words: grapevine, cultivar, morphological, genetic resources ...
Me shume
FRIDA ÇARKA*¹, RAJMONDA SEVO¹, ADHURIM LAZAJ², VALBONA HOBDARI¹. ¹Genetic Resources Center, Agricultural University of Tirana, Kodër Kamëz, Tirana, Albania. ²Agriculture Technology Transfer Center, Vlora.   Download Full Text PDF Abstract The local varieties have an important value due to their high adaptability to local environmental conditions, diversity of productivity and quality potential.  In the frame of the project TCP/ALB/3401 financed by FAO were surveyed 11 zones such as  Dibër, Burrel, Shkodër, Malësi e madhe, Pukë, Pogradec, Korçë, Leskovik, Gjirokastër, Përmet, Tepelenë and there were discovered 45 old local varieties. Passport data and the ampelographical descriptions were performed according the OIV Descriptor List. Based on the primary survey 41 different cultivars were found and were registered in the database of the Albanian Gene Bank. They represent a significant part from the total number.  12 of them are rare varieties. Three of them present the biological resistance against pathogens.Analyses of the ampelographic features showed that old local studied varieties are characterized by polymorphism of the bunches, berries, as well as by some technological characteristics.  These genotypes differ from each other by eco-geographic origin, their usages, resistance to abiotic factors and pathogens.  The diversity of characters represents an important source for the future genetic improvement, the attractiveness of local products and the creation of the sustainable viticulture in our country. Key words: grapevine, cultivar, genetic resources ...
Me shume
AGIM PEPKOLAJ1*,NDOC FASLIA2   1,2Department ofPlant Sciences and Technologies, Agricultural University of Tirana, Koder- Kamez, 1029, Tirana, Albania   Download Full Text PDF North part of Albania is considered as a great asset of biodiversity not yet fully explored. Such richness is due to climatic factors, geographical position and pedological/ hydrological factors. As parts of its biodiversity are medicinal plants such as bilberry, (Vacciniummyrtillus L.) considered also as wild food plant. The study focused on the determining the bilberry flower and fruit development stages in the six explored sites in Tropoja region. With the study, we could define the following stages of flower and fruit development such as early pink bub, early blooming, full bloom, early green fruit and late green fruit. These observations on flower and fruit development stages are very important to evaluate the progress of the accumulation of anthocyanin in fruit, and how much the flowering and fructification period influence the level of anthocyanin as well as knowing the phenology of flower and fruit development.Also it will contribute to the better understanding of flowering period and fruit ripening in the explored sites Keywords: medicinal and aromatic plants, biodiversity, bilberry, flowering stages ...
Me shume
AGIM PEPKOLAJ1*,NDOC FASLIA2 1,2Department ofPlant Sciences and Technologies, Agricultural University of Tirana, Koder- Kamez, 1029, Tirana, Albania   Download Full Text PDF North part of Albania is considered as a great asset of biodiversity not yet fully explored. Such richness is due to climatic factors, geographical position and pedological/ hydrological factors. As parts of its biodiversity are medicinal plants such as bilberry, (Vacciniummyrtillus L.) considered also as wild food plant. The study focused on the determining the bilberry flower and fruit development stages in the six explored sites in Tropoja region. With the study, we could define the following stages of flower and fruit development such as early pink bub, early blooming, full bloom, early green fruit and late green fruit. These observations on flower and fruit development stages are very important to evaluate the progress of the accumulation of anthocyanin in fruit, and how much the flowering and fructification period influence the level of anthocyanin as well as knowing the phenology of flower and fruit development.Also it will contribute to the better understanding of flowering period and fruit ripening in the explored sites Keywords: medicinal and aromatic plants, biodiversity, bilberry, flowering stages ...
Me shume
AGIM PEPKOLAJ1*,NDOC FASLIA2 1,2Department of Plant Sciences and Technologies, Agricultural University of Tirana, Koder- Kamez, 1029, Tirana, Albania Download Full Text PDF Abstract Bilberry is one of the most important medicinal plants in Albania, which spontaneously grows in the forests and alpine pastures of Tropoja region (Qerem area). In Albania, bilberry is found associated with pine forests (Pinetum), beech forests (Fagetum), in meadows and pastures, etc. In the recent years, bilberry coverage has been decreased caused by intensive use without respecting any technical criteria.For that reason, during last years bilberry is becoming much rarer, especially in the vicinity of inhabited areas. We found out that bilberry coverage/abundance is reduced drastically near Markofce site due habitat concurrence, over collection and fires.In these circumstances, it is very urgent to start with in situ conservation methods as well as, in the near future, to start with cultivation practices of bilberry plant. Conservation of bilberry natural population implies more actions to help farmers/collectors to diversify their incomes not only selling the row bilberry fruits to the local collectors but also to introduce new techniques on processing the bilberry fruits. Promoting the sustainable use of bilberry and tourism in Qerem area may imply actions by local authorities, farmers and different donors. Keywords: medicinal and aromatic plants; biodiversity; bilberry; conservation; sustainable use ...
Me shume
B. Kelmendi 1+2, N. Shala 1 , D.Berisha2+1, I. Cacaj1+2, Rea Tako3 1 “Haxhi Zeka” Universitety Pejë , Fakultety of Agribisiness  2 Agricultural Institute of Kosovo – Pejë, “Adem Jashari” str, 30000 Pejë, Kosovo  3 Agricultural Universtiy of Tirana. Tirana , Albania. Download Full Text PDF Abstract  The aim of this study was to investigate thesuitabilityof certainwheat cultivars(Triticum aestivumL.) from Hungary,and Croatia. Meanwhile, five wheat cultivars havebeen tested:Kolo, Marshall, Illyria,Superand Zhitarka,whileascomparativecultivar was Europe90. Investigationswere conductedintwoagro-climaticregionsof Kosovo (in Arbnesh, theresearchfarmofKosovo Institute of Agriculture, Peja -Dukagjini Plain and in Pestova-KosovoPlain, private research company "Pestova". During the study, these parameters have been tested: yield (kg/ha), weight (1000seeds in gram), hectolitarweight(kg), protein content(%), humidity(%), glutenandsediments. The agro-climaticandpedologicaldataof Kosovocomparedwith harvested yields of wheat have been shown that wheat cultivars whichwere cultivated in Kosovo did not use the genetic potential.Forthisreason, it is recommended to be applied a contemporary agrotechnic in order to use high genetic potential of wheat cultivarsand to reachhigheryields. The obtained results showed that there were statistically significant differences at different levels to investigate all features included in the plots, compared with the standard (Europe 90) and between localities. Keywords: winter wheat, weight of 1000 seeds in gram, hectoliter weight in kg, yield kg/ha ...
Me shume
Gjok Vuksani1*, Rovena Mataj2, Angjelina Vuksani³, Fadil Shahini 1Department of Horticulture and Landscape Architecture,Agricultural University of Tirana 2Department of Horticulture and Landscape Architecture Agricultural University of Tirana Download Full Text PDF Abstract Photiniaspp is part of the Rosacea Family, evergreen bushesand shaded red in early growth. The experiment was conducted in the private greenhouse in Laknas, Tirana. On February 2015 pieces of Photinia were taken from the upper part of the mother plants. These pieces were cut at 10-12 cm length and a diameter of 0.2-0.5cm. The pieces are placed on the rooting bank with 100% perlite.The pieces are treated before putting them to the rooting bank with phyto-hormone IBA (Indole Butyric Acid) an industrial powder “Germ” by growing 3 variants; Variant 1-2000 mg/l IBA, Variant 2-3000 mg/l IBA, Variant 3-4000 mg/l IBA. Besides the evaluation of the percentage of rooting, 3 measurements are performed at equal time intervals for: the length of seedlings, seedling diameter, root length, number of leaves, length of leaves, etc. For each variant it is also measured the dry weight of the stems and leaves of seedlings and dry weight of root system that is a very important element to show the preparation of the seedling to be transferred to the vase. At the end of our experimental work it is very important to evaluate what concentration of phyto-hormone has greater impact on the development of the seedling root system.So as a conclusion we can say that treatment with IBA 3000 and 4000 mg/l have a powerful impact on the development of the root system of Photinia x fraseri "Red Robin" than treatment with concentration 2000 mg/l IBA. Keywords: vegetative propagation, phyto-hormone, Indole Butyric Acid, dry weight, root ...
Me shume
ARTAN SOTA1, NAZMI HASANAJ2, TRIFON ARAPI3, FETAH ELEZI4 1Department of Plant Science and Technology, Agricultural University of Tirana, Tirana, Albania 2SeedCompany, Istog, Kosovo 3AgroARFA, Lushnje, Albania 4Center for Genetic Resource, Agricultural University of Tirana, Tirana, Albania Download Full Text PDF   Abstract In Toshkëz district of Lushnja, the group of genetic improvement of AgroARFA crops, maintain a scientific activity with the maize culture, in testing some of the best hybrid versions circulating in the country with high results in the production of maize. Their origin is mainly from Italy and new hybrid combinations of our company. The purpose is not only to determine the best foreigner hybrids, but also to be tested in parallel with the levels of our new hybrid combinations. For those who give high scores to suit our conditions, they are recommended to be used. In this statement we give results of hybrids and new hybrid combinations carried out in 2014-2015. From all the work out it is shown that hybrid combinations between lines synthesized in our country represent a significant variation of performances yield which is related to their genetic consistency.Nine lines are well combined with intersections (tester) lines:AS12; AS19 and AS20. Hybrid combinations with high expectations such as AS18xAS20, AS17xAS19 and AS12xAS18 enter the state testing network. From foreign hybrids with higher levels of performance we would distinguish hybrids: DKC 6815 and SNH 8605. Key words: hybrid combinations,testing, cross tester, variation ...
Me shume
SOKRAT JANI, LIRI MIHO , VALBONA HOBDARI 1Plant Genetic Resources Centre, Agricultural University of Tirana (AUT), Albania. 2Department of Agro-Environment and Ecology, Faculty of Agriculture and Environment, AUT, Albania. Download Full Text PDF Abstract The paper explores the status of the diversity of local cultivars in some vegetables and the knowledge associated with them in the communities of Korça region. Out of 10 vegetable species studied, significant number of landraces exists for onion (4), cabbage (2), melon (2), pepper (2), and others by 1 (tomato, pumpkin, lettuce, leek, garlic, and string bean). It was found that these vegetables are cultivated mainly for family consumption and with minimal inputs. But when they are cultivated for commercial purposes, it seems that there is a change in management and inputs used. Overall, it was concluded that the level of landrace diversity has inversely direction to urbanization. Contrary to this belief, the study found that the market can increase their diversity; landraces offered are successfully commercialized. Indigenous vegetable gardens, cultivated for the market, are technically assisted by specialists of the region. After analyzing the findings of the study, for on farm conservation and sustainable use of traditional cultivars, five ways are suggested: a) promote the added value of products; b)consolidation of specialized markets that efficiently utilize their organoleptic qualities; c) creation of awareness at different levels; d) restoration and reintroduction of traditional cultivars through crop improvement processes; e) subsidies on-farm conservation of vegetable landraces, because their conservation and management can be considered as a service that should be rewarded by society. Keywords: conservation, landraces, on farm, vegetable crops ...
Me shume
SOKRAT JANI, LIRI MIHO Plant Genetic Resources Centre, Agricultural University of Tirana (AUT), Albania. Department of Agro-Environment and Ecology, Faculty of Agriculture and Environment, AUT, Albania. Download Full Text PDF Abstract The growth of urban areas that absorb agricultural land, the change in agricultural techniques, the low profitability of farms and their small size, the advanced age of farmers, the conversion of vegetable gardens to other crops, have been and continue to be the major factors affecting genetic erosion in exploration areas. Exploration and collection of local plant genetic resources of vegetable crops and pulses was carried out by implementing the bilateral research project between Albania and FAO (TCP/ALB/3401/Conservation and management of endangered locally adapted crop varieties), with the focus on their preservation and use. During the years 2013 and 2014 several expeditions in rural areas of northern and southeastern Albania were conducted. The exploration, inventorying and collecting local genetic resources in these areas was performed using a GPS system. The National collection was enriched with 192 local vegetable and pulses accessions. Collected materials are listed in the National Register ALB026, according to international descriptors of FAO, ECP/GR and International Biodiversity. The accessions are stored and included in the survey for characterization and evaluation in the National Genebank. Key words: collection, conservation, documentation, evaluation, local vegetable and pulses ...
Me shume
XHABIR ABDULLAHI*1, XHEZAIR IDRIZI1, ERHAN SULEJMANI1, ELMI JUSUFI2, GUXIM ABDULLAHI1 1 Faculty of Food Technology and Nutrition, University of Tetovo,1200 Tetova, Macedonia 2 Institute of Animal Science,University of Cyrilus and Methodius, 1000 Skopje, Macedonia Download Full Text PDF Abstract Wheat is the most important cereal after as is the main source of carbohydrates, providing fiber, vitamins and mineral salts. From wheat products are fed 70% of the population of the globe, as for the content of calories wheat is higher than other cereals. Since grain crops is the main source of population and the food processing industry, the needs for this grain are growing, so is of interest seeking ways to increase production and improve quality. The aim of the study was, to analyze physical-chemical parameters of some cultivars of local and imported wheat that affect the quality of flour in Pollog climatic conditions. We analyzed chemical parameters of five cultivars of wheat: Radika, Orofcanka, Apache, Ingenio, Pobeda that affect quality of flour. In wheat were analyzed: protein (%), absolute weight (weight of 1000 grains in grams), hectoliter weight in kg/hl, moisture (%), starch, dyes, gluten. In flour were analyzed: protein, ash, moisture, gluten, water absorption. The results obtained showed that there were statistically significant differences of different levels for all varieties investigated compared with standard parameters. Keywords: Wheat; protein;, gluten; sedimentation; starch;flour quality ...
Me shume
HAIRI ISMAILI, ZAIM VESHAJ, ATHINA LLAMBRO, LUMTURI XHELILI, ZOI MEҪO Agricultural University of Tirana, Albanian Gene Bank 1000 Tirana Albania Center of Agricultural Technology Transfer, Vlora Albania *Corresponding author; E-mail: hairiismaili@ubt.edu.alDownload Full Text PDF Abstract The "Kryps Berati" is the principal olive table in Albania with more than 80 % of the national production and occupies 17% of the olive groves surface.By classical method were defined four parcels with this variety composed of 1273 heterogeneous trees in different areas have been subjected to clonally selection. The increasing and stability of production, and the big fruit and tolerance to disease were the breeding objectives.After five years of the phenotype selection of individuals from principal olive population (first phase) there were 27 trees head-clones selected. Selected head-clones were evaluated for the progressive yield and periodicity index. In the second phase, a comparison among the head-clones were for the yield, periodicity index, size of fruit and the ratio pulp / stone were realized.At the end of the study five clones for the periodicity index, and four for the size fruit + ratio pulp/stone, and two clones for oil content were selected. Study shows that phenotypic variance and the heads-clone frequency, were highly influenced by the genotype effect and interaction genotype x environment. In conclusion: The clones have great variation compared to the average population and their multiplication in the future will make the heterogeneous population replacement with another homogeneous population, and greater genetic capacity. Keywords: Selection; Clonally; Variety: olive; genotype ...
Me shume

Post Author: MVhDC39RHa