Egon Andoni*, Dhimitër Rapti, Rezart Postoli, Elenica Dimco, Jeta Abeshi
Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Agricultural University of Tirana, Albania
Abstract:The aim of the study was to describe the clinicopathological findings in dogs naturally infected with Babesia. During the period of February 2011-February 2012 twenty-nine cases of Babesia Caniswere diagnosed in the clinic of Small Animal at the Veterinary Faculty of Tirana. The animal was considered infected when pear shaped babesia was observed inside infected erythrocytes in Wright-Giemsa stained blood smears. The animal stay for one week in our clinic and during this period we evaluated the canine babesiosis cases by means of clinical history, physical examination, hematological and biochemical tests. Based in the clinical sing of babesia the animal was divided in two groups with uncomplicated and complicate babesia. The duration of clinical signs ranged from 1 to 5 days prior to the arrival at the clinic and all the animals were positive with B. c. canis infections. The main clinical signs were dehydration and anemia in (79%), apathy (74%), anorexia or decrease appetite (70%) and fever (68%). The anemia was present in the dogs and classified severe (13%) as mild (45%), and moderate (52%) of all the cases. In conclusion, the main clinicopathological findings were a mild to moderate hemolytic anemia and mild to severe thrombocytopenia.
Keywords: Clinicopathological; Canine babesiosis; Tirana