Determining Rooting Ability of Ennobled Blueberry Wood Pieces (Vaccinium corymbosum L.) with Presence of Growth Regulators IBA and NAA

SABRI BRAHA1*, PETRIT RAMA2, EDLIRA KUKALI2

1High School Agribusiness and Technology “Zenel Hajdini” Ferizaj – Kosovo

2Department of Horticulture and Landscape Architecture, Agricultural University of Tirana, Tirana, Albania

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Abstract

Ennobled blueberry (V. Corymbosum L.) has many specific requirements for optimal growth, therefore, the increase of cultivated areas is limited. It requires acidic soils (pH 4,3-4,8), well drained, with full aeration and a constant moderate amount of moisture. The successful technique of asexual propagation will be necessary for rapid clonal propagation of selected cultivars. The objective of this experiment was to identify an efficient way to improve rooting with the help of growth regulators in the ‘Bluecrop’ cultivar using well-lignified one-year old wood pieces, collected at the end of winter, end of March prior to bud swelling. Treatments with various concentrations (1500, 3000, 4500 mg/l), show that treatment with IBA at 3000 mg/l has the highest rooting percentage in comparison to NAA. Whilst the torf-perlite substrate (at a 2:1 ratio), has produced a higher rooting percentage compared to the torf-only substrate, and the crucial factor for successful rooting is the time of collecting wood pieces. Treatment results have promoted higher rooting of wooden pieces compared to the control (untreated wooden pieces). The most efficient promotor in all concentrations was IBA.

KeywordsVaccinium corymbosum L., growth regulator, rooting, substrate; torf-perlite.

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