Ministry of Environment Forests and Water Administration
Abstract: According to the non-legally binding instrument on all types of forests of UNFF and legally binding agreement on forest Europe, sustainable forest management, as a dynamic and evolving concept, aims to maintain and enhance the economic, social and environmental value of all types of forests, for the benefit of present and future generations. This definition leads to take into account multifunctionalforestry, on the one hand, changes, risks and uncertainties on the other hand. In these document the actual state and multi-functionality of the oak forests of Mati’s district is analysed in order to implement the best practices and the full potential of all forest type in the district. Oak forests are an important component of the primary forest vegetation in Balkan and in Albania. They are well known for the added value on the biodiversity, specific and ecologic so far. Spatial distribution of oak forests is fully dependent from the ecological factors and traditional using practices or silvicultural models, by the rural population for which in this study is spended an important attention. The transfering process oak forests mostly to the ownership of local government call for new concepts on the sustainable forest management of communal forests interms of objectives identification and implementation of the best treditional using practices. The study actual situation of the forests and the potential productivity are the basic elements to identify the stage ofdegradation and then the best practices for the rehabilitation and cost efectiveness. There are studied c. a. 43. 000 ha oak forsts or c. a. 4% of all domestic oak forests. There is a high variability of forest types, result of different ecological conditions and traditional using practices. The actual productivity is pretty low, but the elaborated models show that there is in place a big potentiality in terms of biomass production, even if the uneven structure of oak forests per age and diameters classes. The managemant properties distribution of forest type is provided by the GIS analyse.
Key words: biological diversity, proveneince, dendrometric indicators, multivariable analyse, productivity classes