RAM PRASAD MAINALI1*, RESHAM BAHADUR THAPA2, SUNDAR TIWARI3, PADMA POKHREL2, ANISUR RAHMAN ANSARI1
1Entomology Division, Nepal Agricultural Research Council, Khumaltar, Lalitpur, Nepal
2Institute of Agriculture and Animal Sciences/Tribhuvan University, Kirtipur, Kathmandu, Nepal
3Department of Entomology, Agriculture and Forestry University, Rampur, Chitwan, Nepal
A field survey was conducted to study knowledge and practices of eggplant growers on eggplant fruit and shoot borer, Leucinodes orbonalis Guenee management in Dhading and Bara districts of Nepal in 2012. Information was collected from 80 eggplant growers, 40 from each district using semi-structured questionnaires. Field survey revealed that eggplant occupied an imperative place in commercial vegetable production. All eggplant growers relied on indiscriminate use of chemical pesticides of different groups. However, 35 percent growers adopted some indigenous knowledge regarding use of non-chemical practices, like urine fermented botanicals; cow urine; ash; chinaberry fruit extract; tobacco leaf extract; mixture of shampoo, lemon juice, kerosene and sakhkhar; Tagetes border cropping and coriander intercropping. The little knowledge and practices on safety precautions for pesticide use has created negative impacts on farmers health. Hence, the indigenous knowledge and practices needs validation and promotion along with farmer awareness for public health.
Keywords: Indigenous knowledge, eggplant fruit and shoot borer, safety precautions, pest management.