Prevalence of Salmonella spp. in Imported Powered Infant Formula (PIF)

RENIS MAÇI1*, BIZENA BIJO2, ARDIAN XINXO1, FATMIRA SHEHU2, HALIT MEMOÇI1

1Department of Food Microbiology, Food Safety and Veterinary Institute “Dr. Bilal Golemi”, “Aleksandër Moisiu” No. 10, Tirana, Albania
2Department of Veterinary Public Health, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine; Kodër-Kamëz, Tirana, Albania

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Abstract

Salmonella species are well-known long-standing foodborne human pathogen that demonstrate long-term survival in/on dry or low-water activity (aw) in foods. Salmonellosis caused by ingestion of contaminated powdered infant formula has been reported nationwide. In recent years, 8 reported outbreaks of Salmonella infection in infants have been linked to the consumption of powdered infant formula. Outbreaks of Salmonellosis due to contaminated PIF are likely to be under-reported nationwide even in Albania.

The aim of this study was to investigate the potential existence of Salmonella spp. in canned powdered infant formula in Albania. During two years investigation Salmonella spp was on the focus and was detected in 1 out of 70 analysed samples (1.43%). The strain of Salmonella spp. was biochemically identified by the analytical profile index (API 20 E) system and poly A, H, and Vi antiserum.

Food safety criteria are laid down in EU regulation “EC No. 2073/2005” for Salmonella spp. in dried infant formula and dried dietary foods for special medical purposes intended for infants. These criterias are  transposed to Albanian Legislation.

A laboratory-based on food-borne disease surveillance systems is needed in terms of strethening control and reducing the risk of exposure.

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