Prevalence of Toxoplasma gondii Antibodies in Southwest Cats of Albania

Shemsho lamaj1*, gerta dhamo2, ilir dova2

1Regional Agricultural Directory of Gjirokastra, Albania

2Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Agricultural University of Tirana, Albania

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Abstract

Toxoplasma gondii is a zoonotic protozoan parasite found worldwide and cause a disease known as toxoplasmosis. Cats, as definitive hosts, play an important role in the transmission of Toxoplasma gondii. A total of 138 domestic household blood samples were collected from Gjirokastra and Tepelena areas from October 2012 to January 2014. Positive sera for T. gondii were identified in 58 (42 %) samples exclusively via the by modified agglutination test (MAT). T. gondii antibodies were detected in cats. The antibody titers in the positive animals ranged from 1:25 to 1:500. Our results suggest that T. gondii infection is common in household cats in Southwest of Albania.

Keywords: Seroprevalence, cats, Toxoplasma gondii, toxoplasmosis, parasite.

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