Dashamir Mamuti1, Paskal Gjino2
1The Department of Veterinary, Tetovo, Macedonia
2Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Agricultural University of Tirana, Albania
Abstract: The present study comprises 12 female cows on one farm in Tirana district. The purpose of this study is to investigate and evaluate the efficiency of three common local anesthetics techniques used during rumenotomi. The purpose was to compare different conditions and types of foreign bodies syndrome which precipitated the need to perform the surgical intervention. The selected cows were divided into four groups with three cows belonging to each one of them. Rumenotomi was performed under the sedation protocol with Xylasine (0.05 mg/kg). After that proksimal paravertebral nerve block was performed in the first group. In the second group the distal paravertebral block was administered. In the third group linear infiltration local block was performed. While in the fourth group distal paravertebral nerve block with linear infiltration was performed. The local anesthesia was administered using lidocaine 2%. To conclude, the quality of anesthesia and analgesia used in the fourth group (distal paravertebral nerve block with linear infiltration) was more clinically suitable for performing surgery without complications during rumenotomi when compared with the other three techniques performed in the other three groups.
Keywords: cattle, rumenotomy, local anesthetic, Xylasine, Lidocaine