The epidemiology of A.suum at swines in Albania

Edith JukaIlirjan Kumbe2. Esmeralda Sotiri2. Bejo Bizhga2.

Directory of Agriculture Durres, Albania.

2Faculty of Veterinary Medicine Agricultural University of Tirana, Albania.

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About 300 000 swines are bred in Albania, out of which  120 000 under intensive growth conditions and 180 000 under  ½ intensive and extensive growth conditions. In the study we included  738 swines out of which  372 in extensive growth and  356 samples from intensive growth spread all over the territory of the Republic. 10 samples were collected from imported pigs.  120 samples from these belonged to piglets  0-3 months old,  224 to piglets 3-7 months old, 163 samples to  sow about to be substituted, 78 sows a week before farrowing,  126 samples of sows within 2 weeks of lactation, and 27 samples were taken from uncastrated pigs. The quantitative and qualitative sedimentation was the coproscopic method used  in the study. To evaluate the parasitic load we applied the Mc Master technique. The post Mortum diagnose was proved in 37 heads.  For the first time in Albania we define accurately the presence of  A. sum  among all age groups of swines. The average parasite  load resulted  83 v/g/f in piglets  0-3 months old, 180 v/g/f in piglets  3-7 months old,  210 v/g/f in sows about to be substituted, 190 v/g/f  in sows before farrowing, 284 v/g/f during lactation 90 v/g/f in uncastrated pigs. By evaluating the efficiency and parasitic  load for other parasites, we conclude that A. suum  is the main cause of  hypoefficiency in swines of  extensive and  intensive growth. Considering the conditions of extensive and ½ intensive growth we notice a higher parasitic load. The periodic controls of the feces and at least 3 dehelmentisations per year would keep under control infestations and  the damages in the conditions of extensive economies of swine growth. The observed parasitic load requires necessarily a dehelmentisation of the show’s 2 weeks before farrow.

Key words: A.suumascarid, swines, n/v/g/f,  Albania.

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